Breast Augmentation Research

I'm doing an argumentative paper for my college Eng. 101 class. I need some articles on breast augmentation. To be more specific, in my paper my view on breast augmentation is that I believe there are positives in general, except when I see a young girl that has absolutely no deformation, or lack of breasts whatsoever, and she gets an augmentation for her boyfriend or guys in general. I think that is a shame and I wish they wouldn't do it for those reasons. I'm thirty-four years old, I've had two children and I personally still see no need for breast augmentation. If you could point me in the right direction of some research articles that would be helpful to me I'd appreciate it.

Answer:

I've copied you a recent release from the Canadian Women's Health Network about the long-range realities of breast implants. I found these statistics on breast implants rather sobering. Perhaps this will add to your perspective.

New Canadian study shows follow up procedures from private breast implant surgery draws on public health system

Aleina Tweed and Ann Pederson, researchers with the British Columbia Centre of Excellence for Women's Health, are asking the government to keep better records. There are currently no mechanisms in Canada to track the health outcomes from plastic surgery, including breast implant surgery, despite the various health problems that have been linked to these implants.

An estimated 100,000 to 200,000 women in Canada have breast implants, approximately 80% for cosmetic breast augmentation and 20% for cosmetic reconstruction after mastectomy surgery or to correct under- or non-developed breasts.

In 1992, concerns over the safety of the silicone gel filler prompted the U.S. and Canadian governments to impose a moratorium on silicone gel-filled implants, effectively limiting their use to clinical trials or special dispensation. Saline filled implants have continued to be widely available. Inamed Corp., the manufacturer of McGhan implants, is currently applying to the FDA and to Health Canada to lift restrictions on the use of silicone gel-filled implants.

However, concerns over implant safety whether silicone- or saline-filled remain. International research indicates that the complication rate associated with breast implants is high. A study by the Mayo Clinic in the United States found that fully one-quarter (25%) of women with breast implants suffered local complications severe enough to require additional surgery within five years of implantation. Further, between January 1, 1985 and September 17, 1996, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration received 103,343 adverse reaction reports associated with silicone breast implants and 23,454 reports involving saline implants.

In a recent Canadian study supported by the British Columbia Centre of Excellence for Women's Health, Aleina Tweed focused not on the health outcomes of breast implantation, but on health care utilization as a marker of the potential physical and financial burden borne by women and by the public health system as a consequence of breast implant surgery. Data collected from a study group of 147 women who had undergone breast implant surgery were compared to data from a group of 583 women without implants.

Ms. Tweed found that women who have or have had breast implants visited doctors and specialists significantly more, and were more than four times as likely to be hospitalized than the women without implants. Women in the study group were twice as likely to be admitted to hospital electively, although the services accessed once admitted were similar. One of the few differences was the increase in general and plastic surgery services among women with breast implants - services that we would expect to be associated with local breast-implant related complications.

Breast implant surgery is often not a one-time procedure. Following implantation, over half (51%) of respondents from the study group reported at least one additional breast implant-related surgery. Of these women, half (49%) reported one additional surgery, and nearly one-third (28%) reported three or more additional surgeries. For some of these women, the complications were enough to convince them that they no longer wanted breast implants. 40% of respondents had had their implants permanently removed.

Cosmetic breast augmentation is not considered essential medical care, and is therefore paid for privately rather than through public insurance. However, when there are health consequences to this surgery, women enter the public health care system for care.

Full study available at: http://www.bccewh.bc.ca/PDFs/hcubreastimplants.pdf

Other Questions

Subject

Subject

  1. Underwire Bras
  2. Bra Repair
  3. Implants and Breastfeeding
  4. General Information about Augmentation
  5. Body Fat Injections
  6. Female Breast Surgeons
  7. Uncommunicative Doctor
  8. Soya and Breast Cancer
  9. Breast Reduction and Relationships
  10. Breast Growing Tablets
  11. Bra Sizes
  12. Teen Breast Issues
  13. Wedding Dress Cleavage
  14. Bra Fitting
  15. Natural Breast Reduction
  16. Male Breasts
  17. Nursing Shawl
  18. Breast Reduction Side Effects
  19. Growing Male Breasts
  20. Breast Hair
  21. Bra Sizing
  22. Patterns for Mastectomy Bras
  23. Contraception and Breast Cancer
  24. Breast Cancer Project
  25. Husband of Breast Cancer Patient Support Needs
  26. Silicone Implants and Cancer
  27. Breastfeeding Class for Pregnant Teens
  28. Resuming Breastfeeding
  29. Breastfeeding and Breast Reduction
  30. Fevered Breast
  31. Sore, Leaking Breasts
  32. Montgomery's Nodes
  33. Breast Reduction Surgery
  34. Why Breast Reduction
  35. Hard Nipple after Reduction
  36. Breast Reduction Satisfaction
  37. Confusion about Breast Surgery
  1. Breast Enlargement Pills
  2. Prescription Breast Enhancers
  3. Herbal Breast Enhancement
  4. Teenagers and Breast Implants
  5. Research on Breast Augmentation
  6. Breast Implant Info
  7. Breast Cancer and Augmentation
  8. Mammogram with Breast Implants
  9. Questions about Breast Implants
  10. Birth Control After Breast Cancer
  11. Problems Using a Breast Pump
  12. Breast Abuse
  13. Surface Veins on Teen Breasts
  14. Mastectomy Products
  15. Teen Breast Development
  16. Insurance Companies and Breast Surgery
  17. Breast Loss Due to Illness
  18. Hair on Breasts
  19. Brava System
  20. Creams and Pills in Pakistan
  21. Reduction Surgery
  22. Nursing Shawls
  23. Post-Breastfeeding Breast Size
  24. Fat Injections for Breast Enlargement
  25. Problem Finding Correct Bra Size
  26. Male Breast Implants
  27. Breast Reduction and Breast Cancer
  28. Donate Used Prosthesis
  29. Sheer Bras
  30. Genetic Testing for Breast Cancer
  31. Bovine Extract
  32. Sore Left Breast
  33. Breastfeeding and Breast Size
  34. Breast Cancer Poster
  35. Breast Enhancer
  36. Sore Right Breast
  37. Ingredients in Products
  38. Breast Reduction
  39. Wrong Information on Breast Reduction
Advertiser Links for
Breast Augmentation Research